I. adjective 1. (of a substance or material) capable of polishing or cleaning a hard surface by rubbing or grinding. • the wood should be rubbed down with fine abrasive paper.
• don’t use abrasive kitchen cleaners.
2. tending to rub or graze the skin • the trees were abrasive to the touch.
3. showing little concern for the feelings of others; harsh • her abrasive and arrogant personal style won her few friends.
II. noun a substance used for grinding, polishing, or cleaning a hard surface. • the refrigerator is easily damaged by abrasives.
III. derivatives 1. abrasively /əˈbreɪsɪvli / adverb
2. abrasiveness /əˈbreɪsɪvnəs / noun
– origin mid 19th cent. (as a noun): from Latin abras- ‘abraded’, from the verb abradere (see abrade), + -ive.