I. adjective 1. not qualified or diminished in any way; total • absolute secrecy
• absolute silence.
2. used for emphasis when expressing an opinion • the policy is absolute folly.
3. (of powers or rights) not subject to any limitation; unconditional • no one dare challenge her absolute authority
• the right to life is absolute.
4. (of a ruler) having unrestricted power • Dom Miguel proclaimed himself absolute monarch.
[Law] (of a decree) final
• the decree of nullity was made absolute.
See also decree absolute.
6. viewed or existing independently and not in relation to other things; not relative or comparative • absolute moral standards.
[Grammar] (of a construction) syntactically independent of the rest of the sentence, as in dinner being over, we left the table.
8. (of a transitive verb) used without an expressed object (e.g. guns kill). 9. (of an adjective) used without an expressed noun (e.g. the brave). II. noun 1.
[Philosophy] a value or principle which is regarded as universally valid or which may be viewed without relation to other things
• good and evil are presented as absolutes.
2. ( the absolute) —
[Philosophy] that which exists without being dependent on anything else.
3. ( the Absolute) —
[Philosophy] ultimate reality; God.
III. derivatives absoluteness /ˈabsəluːtnəs / noun
– origin late Middle English: from Latin absolutus ‘freed, unrestricted’, past participle of absolvere (see absolve).