absolute /ˈabsəluːt/


I. adjective

1. not qualified or diminished in any way; total

absolute secrecy
absolute silence.
2. used for emphasis when expressing an opinion

the policy is absolute folly.
3. (of powers or rights) not subject to any limitation; unconditional

no one dare challenge her absolute authority
the right to life is absolute.
4. (of a ruler) having unrestricted power

Dom Miguel proclaimed himself absolute monarch.
[Law] (of a decree) final

the decree of nullity was made absolute.
See also decree absolute.
6. viewed or existing independently and not in relation to other things; not relative or comparative

absolute moral standards.
[Grammar] (of a construction) syntactically independent of the rest of the sentence, as in dinner being over, we left the table.
8. (of a transitive verb) used without an expressed object (e.g. guns kill).
9. (of an adjective) used without an expressed noun (e.g. the brave).
II. noun

[Philosophy] a value or principle which is regarded as universally valid or which may be viewed without relation to other things

good and evil are presented as absolutes.
2. ( the absolute)
[Philosophy] that which exists without being dependent on anything else.
3. ( the Absolute)
[Philosophy] ultimate reality; God.
III. derivatives

absoluteness /ˈabsəluːtnəs /

– origin late Middle English: from Latin absolutus ‘freed, unrestricted’, past participle of absolvere (see absolve).

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