absorb /əbˈzɔːb, əbˈsɔːb/


I. verb [with obj.]

1. take in or soak up (energy or a liquid or other substance) by chemical or physical action

buildings can be designed to absorb and retain heat
steroids are absorbed into the bloodstream.
2. take in and understand fully (information, ideas, or experience)

she absorbed the information in silence.
3. take control of (a smaller or less powerful entity) and make it a part of a larger one

the family firm was absorbed into a larger group.
4. use or take up (time or resources)

arms spending absorbs roughly two per cent of the national income.
5. take up and reduce the effect or intensity of (sound or an impact)

deep-pile carpets absorbed all sound of the outside world.
6. (often be absorbed in) take up the attention of (someone); interest greatly

she sat in an armchair, absorbed in a book
the work absorbed him and continued to make him happy.
II. derivatives

1. absorbability /əbˌzɔːbəˈbɪlɪti, əbˌsɔːbəˈbɪlɪti /

2. absorbable /əbˈzɔːbəb(ə)l, əbˈsɔːbəb(ə)l /

3. absorbedly /əbˈzɔːbɪdli, əbˈsɔːbɪdli /

4. absorber /əbˈzɔːbə, əbˈsɔːbə /

– origin late Middle English: from Latin absorbere, from ab- ‘from’ + sorbere ‘suck in’.

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