I. verb — [with obj.] 1. take in or soak up (energy or a liquid or other substance) by chemical or physical action • buildings can be designed to absorb and retain heat
• steroids are absorbed into the bloodstream.
2. take in and understand fully (information, ideas, or experience) • she absorbed the information in silence.
3. take control of (a smaller or less powerful entity) and make it a part of a larger one • the family firm was absorbed into a larger group.
4. use or take up (time or resources) • arms spending absorbs roughly two per cent of the national income.
5. take up and reduce the effect or intensity of (sound or an impact) • deep-pile carpets absorbed all sound of the outside world.
6. (often be absorbed in) — take up the attention of (someone); interest greatly • she sat in an armchair, absorbed in a book
• the work absorbed him and continued to make him happy.
II. derivatives 1. absorbability /əbˌzɔːbəˈbɪlɪti, əbˌsɔːbəˈbɪlɪti / noun
2. absorbable /əbˈzɔːbəb(ə)l, əbˈsɔːbəb(ə)l / adjective
3. absorbedly /əbˈzɔːbɪdli, əbˈsɔːbɪdli / adverb
4. absorber /əbˈzɔːbə, əbˈsɔːbə / noun
– origin late Middle English: from Latin absorbere, from ab- ‘from’ + sorbere ‘suck in’.