I. adjective — abstract /ˈabstrakt /
1. existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical or concrete existence • abstract concepts such as love or beauty.
2. dealing with ideas rather than events • the novel was too abstract and esoteric to sustain much attention.
3. not based on a particular instance; theoretical • we have been discussing the problem in a very abstract manner.
4. (of a noun) denoting an idea, quality, or state rather than a concrete object. 5. relating to or denoting art that does not attempt to represent external reality, but rather seeks to achieve its effect using shapes, colours, and textures. • abstract pictures.
II. verb — [with obj.] abstract /əbˈstrakt /
1. ( abstract something from) — consider something theoretically or separately from (something else) • to abstract science and religion from their historical context can lead to anachronism.
2. (usu. abstract something from) — extract or remove (something) • applications to abstract more water from streams.
3. used euphemistically to indicate that someone has stolen something • his pockets contained all he had been able to abstract from the flat.
4. ( abstract oneself) — withdraw • as our relationship deepened you seemed to abstract yourself.
5. make a written summary of (an article or book) • staff who abstract material for an online database.
III. noun — abstract /ˈabstrakt /
1. a summary of the contents of a book, article, or speech • an abstract of her speech.
2. an abstract work of art • a big unframed abstract.
IV. phrases in the abstract in a general way; without reference to specific instances. • there’s a fine line between promoting US business interests in the abstract and promoting specific companies.
V. derivatives 1. abstractly /ˈabstraktli / adverb
2. abstractor /abˈstraktə / noun
– origin Middle English: from Latin abstractus, literally ‘drawn away’, past participle of abstrahere, from ab- ‘from’ + trahere ‘draw off’.