analogy /əˈnalədʒi/

a

I. noun

1. a comparison between one thing and another, typically for the purpose of explanation or clarification

an analogy between the workings of nature and those of human societies
[ mass noun]
he interprets logical functions by analogy with machines.
2. a correspondence or partial similarity.

the syndrome is called deep dysgraphia because of its analogy to deep dyslexia.
3. a thing which is comparable to something else in significant respects.

works of art were seen as an analogy for works of nature.
4. [ mass noun]
[Logic] a process of arguing from similarity in known respects to similarity in other respects.

argument from analogy.
5. [ mass noun]
[Linguistics] a process by which new words and inflections are created on the basis of regularities in the form of existing ones.
6. [ mass noun]
[Biology] the resemblance of function between organs that have a different evolutionary origin.
II. derivatives

1. analogic /anəˈlɒdʒɪk /
adjective


2. analogical /anəˈlɒdʒɪk(ə)l /
adjective


3. analogically
adverb


– origin late Middle English (in the sense ‘appropriateness, correspondence’): from French analogie, Latin analogia ‘proportion’, from Greek, from analogos ‘proportionate’.

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