analysis /əˈnalɪsɪs/

a

I. noun

1. [ mass noun] detailed examination of the elements or structure of something

statistical analysis
[ count noun]
an analysis of popular culture.
2. the process of separating something into its constituent elements.

the procedure is often more accurately described as one of synthesis rather than analysis.
Often contrasted with synthesis.
3. the identification and measurement of the chemical constituents of a substance or specimen.

samples are sent to the laboratory for analysis.
[ count noun]
analyses of the rocks are consistent with a basaltic composition.
4.
[Mathematics] the part of mathematics concerned with the theory of functions and the use of limits, continuity, and the operations of calculus.
5. short for psychoanalysis.

other schools of analysis have evolved out of the original disciplines established by Freud.
II. phrases

in the final (or last) analysis
when everything has been considered (used to suggest that a statement expresses the basic truth about a complex situation)

in the final analysis it is a question of political history.
– origin late 16th cent.: via medieval Latin from Greek analusis, from analuein ‘unloose’, from ana- ‘up’ + luein ‘loosen’.

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