ancestor /ˈansɛstə/

a

I. noun

1. a person, typically one more remote than a grandparent, from whom one is descended

he could trace his ancestors back to James the First.
2. an early type of animal or plant from which others have evolved.

the ancestor of most dolphins is not clear.
both species of elephant have a common ancestor.
3. an early version of a machine, system, etc.

this instrument is an ancestor of the lute.
– origin Middle English: from Old French ancestre, from Latin antecessor, from antecedere, from ante ‘before’ + cedere ‘go’.

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