aniline /ˈanɪliːn, ˈanɪlɪn/


I. noun [ mass noun]

[Chemistry] a colourless oily liquid present in coal tar. It is used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs, and plastics, and was the basis of the earliest synthetic dyes.

●Chem. formula: C6H5NH2.
– origin mid 19th cent.: from anil ‘indigo’ (from which it was originally obtained), via French and Portuguese from Arabic an-nīl (from Sanskrit nīlī, from nīla ‘dark blue’).

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