antecedent /ˌantɪˈsiːd(ə)nt/

a

I. noun

1. a thing that existed before or logically precedes another

some antecedents to the African novel might exist in Africa’s oral traditions.
2. ( antecedents) a person’s ancestors or family and social background

her early life and antecedents have been traced.
3.
[Grammar] an earlier word, phrase, or clause to which another word (especially a following relative pronoun) refers back.
4.
[Logic] the statement contained in the ‘if’ clause of a conditional proposition.
II. adjective

1. preceding in time or order; previous or pre-existing

antecedent events.
2.
[Grammar] denoting or counting as an antecedent.
III. derivatives

1. antecedence /ˌantɪˈsiːdəns /
noun


2. antecedently
adverb


– origin late Middle English: from Old French or from Latin antecedent- ‘going before’, from antecedere, from ante ‘before’ + cedere ‘go’.

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