I. the name of eight Seleucid kings, notably: II.
Antiochus III ( c. 242–187 BC), reigned 223–187 BC; known as Antiochus the Great. He restored and expanded the Seleucid empire.
Antiochus IV ( c. 215–163 BC), son of Antiochus III, reigned 175–163 BC; known as Antiochus Epiphanes. His firm control of Judaea and his attempt to Hellenize the Jews resulted in the revival of Jewish nationalism and the Maccabean revolt.