appal /əˈpɔːl / ‹US› appall


I. verb [with obj.]

1. greatly dismay or horrify

bankers are appalled at the economic incompetence of some ministers
(as adj. appalled)
Alison looked at me, appalled.
– origin Middle English: from Old French apalir ‘grow pale’, from a- (from Latin ad ‘to, at’) + palir ‘to pale’. The original sense was ‘grow pale’, later ‘make pale’, hence ‘horrify’ (late Middle English).

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