I. verb — [with obj.] 1. divide (a region or body) into smaller mutually hostile states or groups. • ambitious neighbours would snatch pieces of territory, Balkanizing the country.
• (as adj. Balkanized)
the balkanized world of the Senate Banking Committee.
II. derivatives Balkanization /ˌbɔːlkənʌɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n, ˌbɒlkənʌɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n / noun
– origin 1920s: from Balkan Peninsula (where this was done in the late 19th and early 20th cent.) + -ize.