band1 /band/


I. noun

1. a flat, thin strip or loop of material, used as a fastener, for reinforcement, or as decoration.

wads of banknotes fastened with gummed paper bands.
Victoria settled the velvet band on her hair.
2. a plain ring for the finger, especially a gold wedding ring.

a narrow band of gold was her only jewellery.
(N. Amer.) a ring of metal placed round a bird’s leg to identify it.

look for a leg band on the osprey.
4. a belt or strap transmitting motion between two wheels or pulleys.
5. ( bands) a collar with two hanging strips, worn by certain lawyers, clerics, and academics as part of their formal dress.

I’m wearing clerical bands, which are a sign of my office.
6. a stripe, line, or elongated area of a different colour, texture, or composition from its surroundings

a long, narrow band of cloud.
7. a narrow stratum of rock or coal.

the band of limestone continues north on the same contour.
8. a range of values or a specified category within a series (used especially in financial contexts)

your home was placed in one of eight valuation bands.
9. a range of frequencies or wavelengths in a spectrum

channels in the UHF band.
10. any of several groups into which school pupils of the same age are divided on the basis of broadly similar ability

the top band of pupils.
‹archaic› a thing that restrains, binds, or unites

must I fall, and die in bands?
II. verb [with obj.]

1. provide or fit (an object) with something in the form of a strip or ring, for reinforcement or decoration

doors are banded with iron to make them stronger.
(N. Amer.) put a band on (a bird) for identification.

the map shows where starlings banded in Holland were later recovered.
3. mark (something) with a stripe or stripes of a different colour

the bird’s bill is banded across the middle with black
(as adj. banded)
banded agate.
(Brit.) allocate to a range or category (used especially in financial contexts)

single adults in a property banded above D will pay more.
5. group (school pupils) into classes or sets for teaching purposes.

the infants are banded in terms of their ability.
– origin late Old English (in sense 4 of the noun), from Old Norse, reinforced in late Middle English by Old French bande, of Germanic origin; related to bind.

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