barbarism /ˈbɑːbərɪz(ə)m/


I. noun [ mass noun]

1. absence of culture and civilization

the collapse of civilization and the return to barbarism.
2. [ count noun] a word or expression which is badly formed according to traditional philological rules, e.g. a word formed from elements of different languages, such as breathalyser (English and Greek) or television (Greek and Latin).
3. extreme cruelty or brutality

she called the execution an act of barbarism.
– origin late Middle English: from Old French barbarisme, via Latin from Greek barbarismos, from barbarizein ‘speak like a foreigner’, from barbaros ‘foreign’.

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