basilica /bəˈsɪlɪkə, bəˈzɪlɪkə/


I. noun

1. a large oblong hall or building with double colonnades and a semicircular apse, used in ancient Rome as a law court or for public assemblies.
2. a building similar to a Roman basilica, used as a Christian church.
3. the name given to certain churches granted special privileges by the Pope.
II. derivatives

basilican /bəˈsɪlɪkən, bəˈzɪlɪkən /

– origin mid 16th cent.: from Latin, literally ‘royal palace’, from Greek basilikē, feminine of basilikos ‘royal’, from basileus ‘king’.

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