bench /bɛn(t)ʃ/

b

I. noun

1. a long seat for several people, typically made of wood or stone.

a park bench.
2. a long work table in a workshop or laboratory.

a 19th-century wheelwright’s bench.
3. a judge’s seat in a law court.
4. ( the bench) the office of judge or magistrate

his appointment to the civil bench.
5. a judge or magistrate presiding over a particular case.
6.
(Brit.) a long seat in Parliament for politicians of a specified party

the Conservative benches.
7. the politicians occupying a specified bench in Parliament

the pledge that was given by the Opposition benches yesterday.
8. ( the bench) a seat at the side of a sports field for coaches, substitutes, and players not taking part in a game.

he must settle for a place on the substitute’s bench.
9. a flat ledge in masonry or on sloping ground.
II. verb [with obj.]

1. exhibit (a dog) at a show

Affenpinschers and Afghans were benched side by side.
[from the practice of exhibiting dogs on benches.]
2.
(N. Amer.) withdraw (a sports player) from play

the coach benched quarterback Cunningham in favour of McMahon.
3. short for bench-press.

he benched almost 500 pounds.
III. phrases

on the bench
a. appointed as or in the capacity of a judge or magistrate

he retired after twenty-five years on the bench.
b. acting as one of the possible substitutes in a sports match.

Robson will again be on the bench.
– origin Old English benc, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch bank and German Bank, also to bank1.

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