benign /bɪˈnʌɪn/


I. adjective

1. gentle and kind

his benign but firm manner.
2. (of a climate or environment) mild and favourable.

the climate becomes more benign as we move nearer to the Black Sea.
3. not harmful to the environment

the cycle as a benign form of transport
[in combination]
an ozone-benign refrigerant.
[Medicine] (of a disease) not harmful in effect.

a benign condition.
5. (of a tumour) not malignant.

benign growths.
II. derivatives

1. benignity /bɪˈnɪɡnɪti /

2. benignly /bɪˈnʌɪnli /

– origin Middle English: from Old French benigne, from Latin benignus, probably from bene ‘well’ + -genus ‘-born’. Compare with gentle1.

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