bind /bʌɪnd/


I. verb [with obj.]

1. tie or fasten (something) tightly together

logs bound together with ropes
they bound her hands and feet.
2. restrain (someone) by tying their hands and feet

the raider then bound and gagged Mr Glenn.
3. wrap (something) tightly

her hair was bound up in a towel.
4. bandage (a wound)

Shelley cleaned the wound and bound it up with a clean dressing.
5. ( be bound with) (of an object) be encircled by something, typically metal bands, so as to have greater strength

an ancient oak chest bound with brass braces.
6. stick together or cause to stick together in a single mass

[with obj.]

mix the flour with the coconut and enough egg white to bind them.
7. cause (painting pigments) to form a smooth medium by mixing them with oil.
8. hold by chemical bonding.

a protein in a form that can bind DNA.
9. [no obj.] ( bind to) combine with (a substance) through chemical bonding.

these proteins have been reported to bind to calmodulin.
10. cause (people) to feel united

the comradeship that had bound such a disparate bunch of lads together.
11. ( bind someone to) cause someone to feel strongly attached to (a person or place)

touches like that had bound men to him for life.
12. impose a legal or contractual obligation on

a party who signs a document will normally be bound by its terms.
13. indenture (someone) as an apprentice.

he was bound apprentice at the age of sixteen.
14. ( bind oneself)
‹formal› make a contractual or enforceable undertaking

the government cannot bind itself as to the form of subsequent legislation.
15. (of a court of law) require (someone) to fulfil an obligation, typically by paying a sum of money as surety

he was bound over to keep the peace by magistrates.
16. ( be bound by) be hampered or constrained by

Sarah did not want to be bound by a rigid timetable.
17. fix together and enclose (the pages of a book) in a cover

a small, fat volume, bound in red morocco.
18. trim (the edge of a piece of material) with a decorative strip

a frill with the edges bound in a contrasting colour.
[Logic] (of a quantifier) be applied to (a given variable) so that the variable falls within its scope. For example, in an expression of the form ‘For every x, if x is a dog, x is an animal’, the universal quantifier is binding the variable x.
[Linguistics] (of a rule or set of grammatical conditions) determine the relationship between (coreferential noun phrases).
21. (of a food or medicine) make (someone) constipated.
II. noun

‹informal› a nuisance

I know being disturbed on Christmas Day is a bind.
2. a problematical situation

he is in a political bind over the abortion issue.
‹formal› a statutory constraint

the moral bind of the law.
[Music] another term for tie.
5. another term for bine.
III. phrases

bind someone hand and foot
see hand.
IV. phrasal verbs

bind off

(N. Amer.) cast off in knitting.
– origin Old English bindan, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch and German binden, from an Indo-European root shared by Sanskrit bandh.

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